Суперкары mclaren

McLaren MP4/7 1992

The MP4/7 featured McLaren’s own hydraulically operated gearbox. It also featured fly-by-wire throttle control.

It spent extra hours in the wind tunnel and finally made its debut at the third race in Brazil. Attention to aerodynamic detail was evident in its multi-component rear wing.

Once racing got underway, however, it was clear that there was still work to do. Senna complained of unpredictable handling. Fortunately his was fully committed and won in Monaco, Hungary and Italy. Berger took wins in Canada and Australia. McLaren finished runner-up in the Constructors’.

Senna finished fourth overall in the Drivers’ on 50 ahead of Berger. For McLaren, however, after such a historic run of spectacular victories, it was bitter disappointment. 

Бензиновый и электрический моторы

В роли классического двигателя выступает новый бензиновый V6 3-литрового объема M630. Ему досталось два турбокомпрессора в развале блока. Он с непосредственным впрыском давлением 350 бар, плюс установлен фильтр твердых частиц.

Мотор Artura полностью алюминиевый, поэтому весит всего 160 кг. Отдача двигателя составляет 585 лошадиных сил и 584 H*m крутящего момента. Из редкого – внутренние контуры ГБЦ и всего блока распечатали на 3D принтере, что улучшило охлаждение.

В роли вспомогательного двигателя выступает электромотор на 95 лошадей и 225 H*m момента. Суммарно получается 680 лошадей и 720 единиц момента.

Питается электромотор от батареи емкостью 7,4 кВт*ч, которая заряжается от двигателя при выборе режима. Также есть привычная зарядка кабелем EVSE, который пополняет 80% за 2,5 часа. Весит он всего 15 кг и стоит на передней оси.

ДВС стыкован с 8-ступенчатым роботом SSG с двумя дисками сцепления. Задняя передача работает только от электромотора – странное решение, хотя также сделано в Ferrari SF90.

На электромоторе можно проехать всего 30 км, а максимальная скорость ограничена 130 км/ч.

McLaren MP4-23 2008

Detailed simulation and analysis work formed an integral part of the development process of the MP4-23. By the time it was ready for its launch some 14,000 engineering man-hours had been invested in its gestation.

The clearest evolution of the MP4-22 focused on the roll-bar assembly, which had been considerably tidied up to increase airflow to the top body.

Lewis Hamilton had a great start to the season with a great victory in Melbourne, Monte Carlo and consecutive race victories in Great Britain and Germany. He also took a commanding victory at the Chinese GP.

Hamilton was crowned 2008 FIA Formula 1 World Champion. At the age of just 23 years, 10 months and 26 days, Lewis Hamilton became the youngest champion in Formula 1 history. 

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McLaren M23 1976

By 1976 the M23 was in its fourth season in Formula 1 and had already won 10 Grands Prix.

The M23 now featured a new dayglo shade of Malboro red and McLaren’s own six-speed development of the Hewland FGA transmission. With lighter body panels and new low-line airboxes, Mass and Hunt raced cars that were also 30lb lighter.

Most famously the 1976 World Championship came to its showdown at a wet Japanese GP. It was run in appalling conditions that saw Lauda retire. Hunt led for 61 of the 73 laps before making a dramatic pit stop to have a deflating wet weather tyre replaced. He managed to regain third place to beat the Austrian by a point.

More than any other car, even the M7A, it was the machine that truly put McLaren on the Formula 1 map.

McLaren MP4-20A 2005

The MP4-20A looked quite different from its immediate predecessor thanks to a change in 2005 regulations.The front wing had to be raised 50mm and the maximum height of the diffuser was restricted.

The early races were tough. The big breakthrough came in Spain, where a dominant Raikkonen beat season pacesetter Alonso’s Renault fair and square. An intense championship battle between Alonso and Raikkonen followed, with Alonso beating Raikkonen in China.

Thus a gripping season of redemption for McLaren ended with 10 victories, Raikkonen in second place in the Drivers’ World Championship with 112 points to Alonso’s 133 and Montoya fourth on 60, and McLaren-Mercedes second to Renault in the Constructors’ with 182 points to 191.     

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McLaren MP4/2C 1986

Wearing the reigning Champion’s number 1 on the nose of his car, Alain Prost won four Grand Prix races and finished on the podium on five other occasions in 1986. It was this consistency rather than outright race victories that won him the title for the second year in succession. 

 The car’s overall dimensions remained unchanged, but maximum power was up to something approaching 800bhp at 12,000rpm. 

Prost clinched another Drivers’ World Championship in emphatic style with a win at Adelaide. McLaren finished second to Williams in the Constructors’ title. At the end of the season John Barnard decided to sell his shareholding in the team, and to head for pastures new. 


As part of our drive and ambition for professionalism in all areas of our work the environmental commitments sit integrated with many aspects of our day to day work and specifically alongside our prime commitment to Health and Safety, Quality and meticulous attention to detail as well social and diversity commitments.

This Environmental Policy Statement commits McLaren Racing, at all levels, to the following:

Reducing pollution in all forms, including a reduction in CO2 emissions of 2.5% year on year, and zero waste to landfill by 2015.

Assigning key individuals responsible for ensuring the effective implementation of the EMS and to provide the necessary management support and resources to enable these individuals to carry out their role.

Fulfilling all applicable regulatory and legal obligations in terms of environmental protection as our bare minimum level of performance.

Encouraging employee contributions, views, involvement and dialogue in all environmental matters. We will provide suitable training and support to all employees in relation to this policy, giving them ownership and pride in achieving our objectives and goals and recognising contribution as part of a fulfilling career at McLaren.

Ensuring that stakeholders in our business are aware of our Environmental Policy and that the policy and standards are promoted to our suppliers, partners and customers, encouraging others to implement environmental management measures in their own businesses.

Embedding the principles of ‘best performance’ (health and safety, quality and environmental concerns) to our design, development, manufacturing and operational processes at MTC, track side and in transport logistics.

Implementing a programme of continual improvement and completing regular reviews of environmental performance as part of the suite of business measures. We will target Environmental Performance Indicators (EPIs) and ensure they are being regularly monitored and reviewed as well as being relevant to the business as it changes over time and as legislation and best practice develops.

Communicating details of the company’s environmental performance to all employees, stakeholders, customers and regulators through the appropriate media and channels.

Undertaking regular reviews of this policy — annually as a minimum and also, as appropriate, following changes in legislation, knowledge, technology or other externalities.

McLaren F1 сегодня

Экономический спад середины 90-х и, без сомнения, сильно завышенная цена не позволили англичанам выпустить более сотни экземпляров, включая разные модификации и чисто гоночные версии. В Уокинге заявляют, что ровно сотня машин и была произведена, хотя информированные источники сообщают, что сток как минимум из десяти экземпляров F1 все еще остается на заводе. Так что, если вы когда-нибудь накопите на McLaren F1, нет ничего проще: обращайтесь туда, и вам непременно найдут абсолютно новую машину, без пробега.

Стоит также заметить, что все проданные автомобили до сих пор поддерживаются запасными частями и технически сопровождаются. Завод McLaren продолжает обновлять конструкцию всех проданных F1, и если вы, скажем, случайно разобьете свой F1, завод полностью его восстановит. За дорого. Однако это не мешает владельцам этих суперавтомобилей эксплуатировать их «на все деньги». Каждый автомобиль оснащен системой сбора информации и отправки данных на завод в Уокинг для анализа работы двигателя, коробки передач и вспомогательных систем.

Работники завода часто вспоминают курьезный случай, когда им регулярно приходили данные о том, что один из их F1 каждый день преодолевает отметку в 340 км/ч. Они решили выяснить, в каких условиях эксплуатируется автомобиль, и из разговора с владельцем, проживающем в Германии, стало понятно, что он просто ездит на нем по автобану на работу. Каждый день.

Три года назад журналисты из Top Gear решили в очной схватке на драг-стрипе противопоставить «старичку» Маку новейший Bugatti Veyron, превосходивший его не только по мощности (627 сил против 1001 у Veyron), но и по типу привода (на заднюю ось у McLaren, полный привод у Bugatti) — в вышедшем в эфир ролике об этой схватке McLaren F1 лишь самую малость уступил суперсовременному гиперкару, что далось Bugatti, по заверению создателей передачи, лишь с девятой попытки.

Сегодня, спустя почти двадцать лет с момента появления McLaren F1, совершенно очевидным остается факт создания Гордоном Мюрреем передового, вне пределов разумного совершенства и рациональности, автомобиля. Отчего повышаются требования к правопреемнику престола, модели P1. Нам с вами остается ждать как минимум год — до старта производства, возможно, нового короля суперкаров.

Текст: Адель Шангараев

McLaren MP4-17D 2003

Featuring an updated version of the Mercedes-Benz FO 110M and a revised transmission, internal chassis modifications, and aerodynamic improvements, the MP4-17D was a big success.

David Coulthard won the opening race in Australia and it wasn’t long before his team-mate Kimi Raikkonen scored his first Grand Prix triumph at Sepang to put himself at the head of the World Championship points table.

Kimi continued those impressive results, going into the final round nine points behind Michael Schumacher. Though the latter struggled to the eighth place he needed, second place for Raikkonen behind Schumacher’s team-mate Rubens Barrichello left him second overall, two points shy.

The MP4-17D may have been an interim car, but its tally of 142 points left it only two short of BMW-Williams and 16 off Ferrari’s final score. With slightly better fortune, it could have been an illustrious winner.

История появления McLaren F1

В конце 88-го в «Формуле-1» безраздельно властвовали болиды McLaren. Айртон Сенна и Ален Прост — абсолютные лидеры чемпионата мира. Бессменный босс непобедимой команды Рон Деннис и главный акционер всего холдинга McLaren шейх Мансур Ойех на волне эпохального триумфа в гонках приняли решение увековечить свои достижения, построив лучший суперкар в истории автомобилестроения, своего рода генно-модифицированную версию болида McLaren «Формулы-1», но для дорог общего пользования.

И уже к 1989 году в Уокинге, в непосредственной близости с цехами «формульных» McLaren, появилось подразделение по производству мелкосерийных моделей — McLaren Cars Ltd. Великая миссия создания «суперкара ХХ века» легла на плечи инженера Гордона Мюррея. Дорожная модель McLaren должна была создаваться, невзирая на затраты и без оглядки на розничную цену.

Гордон Мюррей, создатель спорткара McLaren F1


«Это были сказочные времена. Для любого автомобильного инженера главным воплощением его познаний является бескомпромиссный суперкар — своего рода вершина конструкторской мысли. Но, как гоночный инженер, я вынужден был побороть в себе инстинкты, чтобы наш автомобиль получился именно дорожным, цивильным, без отголосков боевых болидов».

McLaren MP4-12 1997

A new era began for McLaren-Mercedes with the arrival of West as title partner and Adrian Newey from Williams.

Together with a Mercedes-Benz FO 110E engine featuring an all-new sand-cast aluminium alloy block , the MP4-12 also had a lower centre of gravity than its predecessor.

The results of these improvements were not overwhelming, but what mattered was that McLaren was once again establishing itself as a GP winner.

David Coulthard won two races; at the opening round in Melbourne and the Italian GP in September. Moreover in the final race of the 1997 Formula 1 season, Mika Hakkinen took his maiden Grand Prix win.

With resources already being poured into the following year’s effort, McLaren was back on track to become the pacesetter. 

McLaren MP4/2 1984

It quickly became apparent that in the MP4/2 Prost and Lauda had the tool to dominate the 1984 season from start to finish. Over the course of the season Prost was to win seven races to Lauda’s five.

If the car had any weaknesses it was in the areas of braking and the gearbox. Many also felt that the decision to switch to flat-bottomed cars effectively robbed the team of engine potential.

Even compromised in this way, the MP4/2 was to give McLaren those 12 wins from 16 races, lead Lauda to his third Drivers’ World Championship and massacre the opposition in winning the Constructors’ Cup by an incredible 86 points. It provided us with a near-perfect season, and everyone else a warning not to be ingnored.

Эксплуатационные характеристики Artura

В первую очередь разберем динамику, которая получилась феноменальной:

  • 0-100 км/ч – 3 секунды;
  • 0-200 км/ч – 8,3 секунды;
  • 0-300 км/ч – 21,5 секунды;
  • время проезда 400 метров – 10,7 секунды;
  • максимальная скорость – 330 км/ч.

За управляемость отвечает независимая подвеска с гидравлическими амортизаторами. Они имеют бесступенчатую регулировку уровня сжатия и отбоя. Точность настройки регулируется системой Proactive Damping Control 2, которая впервые появилась на McLaren GT.

Дифференциал естественно электронноуправляемый. Есть система помощи при управляемом заносе VDC, а также отключаемая система стабилизации.

За торможение гиперкара отвечают углеродкерамические вентилируемые тормоза с алюминиевыми суппортами. Спереди 390-миллиметровые диски с 6-порневыми суппортами, а сзади 380-миллиметровые с 4 поршнями.

Со 100 км/ч автомобиль остановится проехав 31 метр, а с 200 км/ч – 126 метров.

McLaren MP4-13 1998

The development of the Mercedes-Benz FO 110G V10 engine together with a switch to Bridgestone tyres and a real rekindling of team spirit once Mika Hakkinen discovered for himself the joys of winning at the highest level, quickly put McLaren back into a dominant position on the grid.

The finished car was a neat and tidy package .Still in place was the previous season’s low-level nose design but the front suspension was quite different with inboard vertical dampers and torsion bars.

Driving superbly all year, Mika Hakkinen won eight races and clinched the Drivers’ World Championship with a flawless flag-to-flag victory in the Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka. With Coulthard third in the standings, the team also took the Constructors’ title for the first time since 1991.      

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McLaren M26 1977

Despite making a brief debut at the Dutch GP in 1976, the M26 was still under development at the start of 1977 and teething problems meant reigning World Champion James Hunt continued to rely on the older M23 for the first four rounds.

James initially found it unbalanced and unpredictable. However, the breakthrough came at Silverstone where James won from pole. He also proved dominant at the Japanese GP at Mount Fuji. This would be Hunt’s final Grand Prix victory.

It left him fifth in the World Championship with 40 points, a long way adrift of Lauda on 72, and 15 ahead of sixth-placed Mass. The success would also be McLaren’s last for three and a half years.  

Новый McLaren P1


960 л.с.



2,8 сек.



390 км/ч



2013 г.

Ожидается, что модель P1 получит мотор, развивающий около 960 лошадиных сил. Он будет сочетать в себе 3,8-литровый мотор V8 «твин турбо» и систему рекуперации кинетической энергии KERS, аналогичную той, что повсеместно ставят на болиды «Формулы-1». По мнению экспертов, базовая силовая установка будет развивать 700-800 лошадиных сил. А после активации системы KERS — кнопкой на рулевом колесе — дополнительно 150-200 сил.

Суперкар получит адаптивные амортизаторы, трекшн-контроль с пятью режимами работы, возможность полностью деактивировать ABS на гоночной трассе, активные аэродинамические элементы и карбон-керамические тормозные механизмы.  Расчетная максимальная скорость должна составлять примерно 380-390 км/ч, а время разгона с места до 100 км/ч — не более 2,8 сек. Не уверены, что все читатели знают, с чем сравнить, но это по-настоящему фантастические цифры.

Энтони Шерифф, управляющий McLaren Automotive


«Мы не стремимся сделать McLaren P1 самым быстрым с точки зрения максимальной скорости. Наша цель — сделать его самым быстрым на дороге и гоночной трассе, создать самый сбалансированный, технологически продвинутый и динамически совершенный дорожный автомобиль».

«P1 впитает в себя все, чему мы научились за пятьдесят лет автоспорта. Двадцать лет назад мы перевернули автомобильный мир, выпустив на дороги F1, и сейчас, имея на руках новый P1, мы должны проделать это еще раз».


Рон Деннис, совладелец McLaren

Судя по всему, в мире спорткаров назревает настоящая революция. Но стоит напомнить о том, что компании McLaren уже удавалось однажды учинить нечто подобное — 1992 году выпуском спорткара McLaren F1. В этом материале мы решили подробно вспомнить, как это было.

McLaren MP4/1 1981

Arguably the most significant car in McLaren’s long history. It bore the distinction of being the first carbon composite Formula 1 design.

Its designer John Barnard had come to appreciate not just its lightness but also its tremendous strength. It laid the groundwork for material innovation that has become such a hallmark of the McLaren Group’s activities.

John Watson’s famous victory in it at the British Grand Prix was McLaren’s first victory since Fuji, four years earlier. The McLaren MP4/1 not only improved McLaren’s chances but made the largest single contribution to driver safety of any innovation in the sport’s history. For this the McLaren MP4/1 deserves all the credit it can get.

McLaren MP4/8 1993

Despite design work on the MP4/8 starting without a clear idea of which engine would be used because of Honda leaving F1, the season still yielded five wins at a time when Williams Renault was the dominant force in the sport.

McLaren’s tally in 1993 was all the more remarkable because, while Senna returned after a winter break relaxing at home in Brazil, rule changes meant Michael Andretti was denied the chance to familiarise himself with the circuits.

The car will forever be remembered for Senna’s stunning opening lap at Donington Park in the wet. He also won at Interlagos, Monaco, Suzuka and Adelaide. The Australian success, it transpired, would be his last and at the time enabled McLaren to declare itself the most successful Grand Prix team of all time.